The Kaunas castle Siege 1362
The Kaunas castle Siege 1362

Lithuania (East Europe) medieval history moment. Kaunas castle siege. Kaunas Castle was built in the confluence of two rivers Nemunas and Neris. This was very inconvenient for the Teutonic Order and its strategic plans, so they decided to destroy the castle.
The preparation for the attack took almost a year. As soon as one of scouts informed about the height of walls of Kaunas castle, the attack towers of proper height were made in Marienburg. On river Nemunas boats were shipped with the main attack tools – catapults, trebuchets, arcuballistas. After reaching Kaunas castle they were rebuild and prepared for the attack. The importance of this battle is highlighted by the fact that Teutonic Order invited knights from different parts of Europe – Italy, France and England. During the siege they were joined by the Livonian Order. The attack was led by the Grand Master of the Order Winrich von Kniprode and the army of Teutonic Order consisted of 3000 soldiers. The crew of Kaunas Castle (which is guessed to be about 350-400 soldiers) were led by Vaidotas the son of Kęstutis.
The siege of Kaunas Castle lasted about a month, then in 1362 March (Palm Sunday) it was occupied. This was the last castle in Lithuania, which was able to cope with the attacks of Teutonic Order for such a long time against.
After the victory Teutonic Order destroyed the castle. There is a very detail description of the siege of Kaunas Castle written by German chronicler Wigand of Marburg “the New Prussian Chronicle”.
Author of the idea of the paining is artist Antanas Vaičekauskas. Painter, 3D graphics/ paintinga – Vilius Petrauskas. Castle base model– Darius Galinis.
Retrospective reconstruction of the castle was made by archeologist Algirdas Žalnierius.

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